Novel module configurations for high efficiency Membrane Distillation

John Lienhard and Hassan Arafat with Faisal Al Marzooqi, Hyung Wong Chung, Virginie Dufour, Jaichandar Swaminathan, and David Warsinger

This grant is funded by the MIT Masdar Institute Cooperative Program

Focused on high energy efficient water desalination, this project will develop a novel approach to Membrane Distillation (MD) capable of handling different quantities of feed waters and high salinity levels. The novel MD configuration will be a scalable and renewable energy driven technology (Renewal from 2014 grant round)

Watch Jai present their project at IdeaStream 2016 below.

Publications:

1. Faisal Al-Marzooqi, Muhamed Roil Bilad, Jaichander Swaminathan, Hassan Arafat, and John H. Lienhard V. Flux measurements in novel membrane distillation configurations, in Proceedings of The International Desalination Association World Congress on Desalination and Water Reuse, San Diego, CA, USA, August 2015.

2. Jaichander Swaminathan, David M. Warsinger, and John H. Lienhard V. High efficiency single-stage membrane distillation configurations: Experimental investigation. In Proceedings of The International Desalination Association World Congress on Desalination and Water Reuse, San Diego, CA, USA, August 2015.

3. J. Swaminathan, H. W. Chung, D. M. Warsinger, F. Al-Marzooqi, H. Arafat, and J. H. Lienhard V, “Energy efficiency of permeate gap and novel conductive gap membrane distillation,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol 502, pp. 171-178, 2016.

4. J. Swaminathan, H. W. Chung, D. M. Warsinger, and J. H. Lienhard V, “Simple method for balancing direct contact membrane distillation,” Desalination, vol 383, pp. 53-59, 2016.

Additional Conference Papers

1. D. M. Warsinger, A. Servi, G. Connors, J. Gonzalez, J. Swaminathan, H. W. Chung, H. A. Arafat, K. K. Gleason, J. Lienhard V, “Reversing wetting in membrane distillation: A comparison of pressurized air backwashing versus dryout,” Proceedings of the AMTA Membrane Technology Conference & Exposition (MTC16), February 1-5, 2015, San Antonio, Texas, 2016.

2. D. M. Warsinger, J. V. Gonzalez, S. M. Van Belleghem, A. Servi, J. Swaminathan, and J. H. Lienhard V, “The combined effect of air layers and membrane superhydrophobicity on biofouling in membrane distillation,” in Proceedings of The American Water Works Association Annual Conference and Exposition, Anaheim, CA, USA, 2015.

3. J. Swaminathan, D. M. Warsinger, and J. H. Lienhard V, “Experimental investigation of high efficiency single-stage membrane distillation configurations,” in Proceedings of The International Desalination Association World Congress on Desalination and Water Reuse, San Diego, CA, USA, Aug. 2015.

Awards:

From the International Desalination Association 2015 World Congress on Desalination and Water Reuse Conference, August 2015:

Best Presenter Award: PhD student Jaichander Swaminathan for this paper: J. Swaminathan, H.W. Chung, D.E.M. Warsinger, and J.H. Lienhard V, "High efficiency single-stage membrane distillation configurations: experimental investigation."

Best Poster Award: Postdoc Dr. David Warsinger (PhD '15) for this paper: D.E.M. Warsinger, J. Swaminathan, H.W. Chung, S. Jeong, and J.H. Lienhard V, "The effect of filtration on membrane distillation fouling."

From the AWWA Annual Conference & Exposition (ACE15), June 2015:

Best Poster Presentation: PhD student Jaichander Swaminathan for this poster: J. Swaminathan, D.M. Warsinger, H.W. Chung, and J.H. Lienhard V, “Zero Liquid Discharge Desalination For Hydraulic Fracturing,” Proc.

2nd Best Poster Presentation: PostDoc David Warsinger for this poster: D.M. Warsinger, S.M. Van Belleghem, J.V. Gonzalez, J. Swaminathan, and J.H. Lienhard V, “The effect of air layers and membrane superhydrophobicity on fouling in membrane distillation,” Proc.

National Dissertation Award For David Warsinger: Universities Council on Water Resources Outstanding Dissertation Award in Science and Engineering

Patents:

D. M. Warsinger, Swaminathan, A. Servi, Jaichander, and J. H. Lienhard V, “Maintenance of air layers for fouling prevention on submerged surfaces,” Full Patent Application, US non-provisional application No. 15/157,663, May 2016.

David Warsinger, Emily W. Tow, and John H. Lienhard V. Water treatment via batch process with pressure exchanger. Provisional Patent, submitted in January, 2016.

David Warsinger, Emily W. Tow, and John H. Lienhard V. Method for restoring membrane hydrophobicity with gas backwashing. Provisional Patent, submitted in January, 2016.

J. Swaminathan, D. M. Warsinger, H. W. Chung, and J. H. Lienhard V, “Composite MD membranes with high thermal conductivity support layer and integrated condensing surface,” Provisional Patent Application, September 2015.

David Warsinger, Emily W. Tow, Hyung Won Chung, and John H. Lienhard V. Energy-efficient high-pressure water treatment via batch process. Provisional Patent, submitted in January, 2015.

J. Swaminathan, D. M. Warsinger, H. W. Chung, R. McGovern, and J. H. Lienhard V, “Multi-effect conductive gap membrane distillation,” Provisional Patent Application, November 2014. reference number 17498.

J. Swaminathan, D. M. Warsinger, H. W. Chung, and J. H. Lienhard V, “Metal spacer enhanced permeate gap membrane distillation for energy efficient desalination,” Provisional Patent Application, October 2014. reference number 16943.